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Saturday, April 25, 2020 | History

2 edition of Effects of supplemental food on the social organization of prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster) found in the catalog.

Effects of supplemental food on the social organization of prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster)

Graham Ralph Cochran

Effects of supplemental food on the social organization of prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster)

  • 112 Want to read
  • 17 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Prairie vole -- Food,
  • Prairie vole -- Population,
  • Zoology

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Graham Ralph Cochran
    The Physical Object
    Paginationv, 58 leaves :
    Number of Pages58
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14977778M

    mental food pellets were dyed with a mixture of non-toxic ultraviolet-fluorescent powder (Radiant Color, Inc., Richmond, CA) and peanut-oil to confirm consumption of supplemental food by prairie dogs. Mark-recapture Trapping was conducted from June until September in and Within each field season, there were two trapping. Bessey Hall Osborne Dr Ames IA [email protected] Phone: Fax: Subscribe to our Newsletter. Introduction. Humans providing food to wildlife– which is called “supplemental feeding” or “provisioning”– is very common. Wild-animal feeding may benefit humans by increasing populations of hunted species, protecting crops in forestry and agriculture, and allowing humans the ability to photograph or observe wildlife (Dubois, , p. 60).   In this excerpt, the authors describe the work of neurobiologist Oliver Bosch, a specialist in maternal behavior, who worked with Young's prairie voles to study the bitter price of bonding.


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Effects of supplemental food on the social organization of prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster) by Graham Ralph Cochran Download PDF EPUB FB2

Effects of supplemental food on the social organization of Mongolian gerbils during the breeding season Article in Journal of Zoology (3) - July with 29 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Our results showed that supplemental high—quality food significantly increased body growth Effects of supplemental food on the social organization of prairie voles book, proportion of adults in the population, adult male body size, reproductive activity, recruitment, and density of prairie vole populations.

Food availability had no effect on survival nor on sex ratio in any of the 3 Cited Effects of supplemental food on the social organization of prairie voles book   More emigrant prairie voles moved toward habitats Effects of supplemental food on the social organization of prairie voles book supplemental food, and more emigrants moved toward the nearest receiving habitat.

Prairie voles (a monogamous species) showed greater than expected permanent emigration by subadults, whereas meadow voles (a promiscuous species) showed greater than expected permanent emigration by by: Effects of food resource distribution on the social system of Gunnison's prairie dog (Cynomys gunnisoni) Article (PDF Available) in Canadian Journal of Zoology 71(6) February   Alcohol abuse can have devastating effects on social relationships.

In particular, discrepant patterns of heavy alcohol consumption are associated with increased rates of separation and divorce. Previous studies have attempted to model these effects of alcohol using socially monogamous prairie voles.

These studies showed that alcohol consumption can inhibit the formation of pair bonds Cited by: 7. Because of their highly social nature, prairie voles have become an important model for studying the consequences of social loss or social isolation on mental and physical health.

When prairie voles are chronically isolated, or separated from their pair bonded partner, they display behaviors similar to those found in by: The effects of various social contexts on sexual maturation in captive male prairie voles were investigated.

Sexual maturity was assessed as the ability of a young male to produce urine capable of activating a diestrous adult female into estrus, as females remain anestrus until they ingest a Cited by:   We fed prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster) rat chow diluted with variable amounts of α-cellulose to determine 1) how much fiber the voles could tolerate in their diet; 2) changes in food intake and digestibility of dry matter and of fiber; 3) the extent to which voles utilized fiber as an energy source; and 4) whether any of these variables differed between groups of animals maintained at 5 Cited by: Effects of supplemental food on the social organization of prairie voles book   Inbreeding depression is a well-documented phenomenon.

In animals, one means of avoiding the costs of inbreeding is through the recognition and avoidance of kin as mates. Prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster) are short-lived, socially monogamous rodents that demonstrate inbreeding depression in the laboratory.

Field data indicate that pair formation in nature is opportunistic but Cited by: 5. The pile of cotton and hamster bedding rises and falls steadily, as though the two prairie voles snuggled beneath are breathing in unison.

In the wild, these “potato chips of the prairie Author: Abigail Tucker. food act simultaneously and additively to limit densities of microtine rodent populations. Our results showed that supplemental high-quality food significantly increased body growth rates, proportion of adults in the population, adult male body size, reproductive activity, recruitment, and density of prairie vole populations.

Food availability. The current study was designed to investigate inducible and quantifiable depression- and anxiety-like behaviors in prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster).

Adult, female prairie voles were exposed to 4 weeks of social pairing (control) or isolation, an established stressor for Cited by: The Effects of Food, Cover and Competition on Demography, Dispersal and Density of Voles Cover and Competition on Demography, Dispersal and Density of Voles: Author(s): Lin, Yu-Teh Kirk: although unbalanced dispersal occurred in prairie voles, probably due to a time lag in response to habitat differences.

Fourth, density-dependent Cited by: 4. Introduction. Ecological challenges such as food availability can cause variation in life history strategies and characteristics associated with reproduction (Bronson ; Stearns ; Flatt and Heyland ).Under such conditions, the decision to mate, modify the size and number of the offspring produced, and adjust the amount of parental care provided to care for them will depend on Cited by: 2.

We conducted field and laboratory experiments with the well-studied monogamous prairie vole, Microtus ochrogaster, to distinguish among three hypotheses for the failure of females that lose their mates to bond with a new male (“the widow effect”).The reproductive value hypothesis predicts that males prefer young to older females because they potentially have a longer reproductive by: Similar to humans, prairie voles release the hormones oxytocin and vasopressin after mating.

These hormones have been linked to pair bonding and may be the reason they bond with their first mate. Prairie voles also form family units, where both parents support their offspring as well as each other.

It’s the love drug, oxytocin. Research into the love hormone, oxytocin, has been profoundly extensive over the past century. Ina team of researchers explored the effects that oxytocin has on prairie voles. Prairie voles are well regarded for their highly selective and long-lasting bonds between mates.

Unlike other voles, prairie voles are generally monogamous. The prairie vole is a notable animal model for studying monogamous behavior and social bonding because male and female partners form lifelong pair bonds, huddle and groom each other, share nesting and pup-raising responsibilities, and generally show a high level of affiliative : Mammalia.

Social organization and mating system of free-living prairie voles Microtus ochrogaster: a review • * Lowell L. GETZ1**, Betty McGUIRE2, C. Sue CARTER3 1. Department of Animal Biology, University of Tllinois, S. Goodwin Ave., Urbana, ILUSA 2.

In a new study, Larke and her colleagues explored the effects of prenatal and early-life fluoxetine exposure in prairie voles. These animals are highly social and form strong attachments to other voles, a trait that has been attributed to the presence of high levels of the oxytocin receptor.

The researchers injected pregnant prairie voles with. Most of the damage inflicted by voles occurs when the rodents attack garden plants and tree trunks. Voles gnaw at the bark of trees near the ground, causing trunk and root girdling, which disrupts the flow of nutrients and water to the tree.

Vole damage to trees occurs so low to the ground that it may go unnoticed until the effects are. Social behavior and reproduction Woodland voles live in family groups in burrow systems in home ranges around in (40–45 cm). [4] The burrows are exclusive to the family groups, however a group usually does not need to defend its burrows as other voles usually will not invade them.

[6]Family: Cricetidae. Species differences in anxiety-related responses in male prairie and meadow voles: The effects of social isolation Jennifer R. Stowe a, Yan Liu a, J.

Thomas Curtis a, Marc E. Freeman b, Zuoxin Wang a,* a Department of Psychology and Program in Neuroscience, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FLUSA b Department of Biological Sciences and Program in Neuroscience, Florida State.

The prairie vole is one of the few species in nature that is monogamous and that creates deep social bonds while mating, Young says. The basic mechanisms of voles’ and humans’ social learning are similar enough that the learning that occurs during voles’ pair bonding can model complex human social interactions, he says.

Thus, a single gene mediates the mating/parental behavior of male prairie voles. Studies of California mice have uncovered an influence of social environment on aggressive and parental behaviors. CA mice raised by white-footed mice stopped being as parental/monogamous; thus, environment influences offspring's behavior.

Ever see a Prairie Vole eat apple sauce. Well, now you have. Look at you, you're so well-rounded. Jump to. 12, Followers Nonprofit Organization.

Leota Homestead. Followers Personal Blog. Pages Other Community Prairie Voles Videos Apple Sauce. Researchers at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, have discovered that a social laboratory rodent, the prairie vole, shows an empathy-based consoling response when other voles are distressed.

This is the first time researchers have shown consolation behavior in rodents, and this discovery ends the long-standing belief that detecting the distress of others and.

Describe a difference between prairie voles and montane and meadow voles. Prarie voles are socially momogamous, males and females form long-term pair bonds, and they rear their offspring together. Montane and meadow voles do not form bonds with a mate, and only the females rear the young.

The prairie vole is a paragon of monogamy. Males bond for life with their first female mates. They are among only % of about 5, mammals to fixate on their partners all their lives.

A lack of social interaction in early life made prairie voles worse at social tasks later on and changed brain structures related to those tasks, the study found.

Gene switches make prairie voles fall in love Kabbaj says he hopes that the work could ultimately lead to an enhanced understanding of how epigenetic factors affect social behaviour in humans. pennsylvanicus), and prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster) (Figure 1). Voles are small, weighing 1 to 2 ounces as adults.

Overall body length varies from 3 to 5½ inches for the woodland vole, to about 4½ to 7 inches for meadow and prairie voles. Voles play an important role in the food chain. They provide a major part of the diet for many File Size: KB.

We used 7 years of live-trapping data from an Illinois population of prairie voles to examine how survival and reproductive success varied with size and composition of social groups. Specifically, we examined measures of fitness for residents of single female units, male–female pairs and communal groups.

Reproductive success, measured as either the number of young that survived to. Male prairie voles often display intense aggression toward strangers for defense of territory, nest, and mate. Only 3% of all mammals exhibit these behaviors, so prairie voles are valuable models for investigating the neurobiological mechanisms for pair-bonding – the ability to form intense, exclusive social attachments with a mate.

The same hormone activity could play a role in disorders like autism where people can lack simple social skills. Falling in love. Fewer than 5% of mammals are habitually monogamous. Prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster) are among the select few.

The prairie voles generally had larger stomachs than did meadow voles, as shown by the length, surface area and volume, but not by dry mass (Table 1, note two‐way ANCOVA species effects).

The prairie voles fed grass had longer stomachs with greater surface area, volume and dry mass than did those fed alfalfa, but the meadow voles showed none Cited by:   Prairie voles Although most rodents have a reputation for promiscuity, prairie voles break the trend, generally forming monogamous pair bonds that occasionally last a lifetime.

focused on characteristics of prairie voles and, therefore, the integration of food habits and other behavior with effects of voles on plants. Study Site and Methods In springsix experimental enclosures were established in upland prairie on the Konza Prairie Research Natural Area. Vegetation in all enclosures was burned in early April during.

Unlike most members of the animal kingdom, humans are a naturally monogamous species. Prairie voles, similar in appearance to a guinea pig, are the rare animal who share humans’ engagement in monogamous relationships.

Given this rare similarity to human relationships in the animal kingdom, prairie vole relationships are often studied by. John M. O’Brien VOLES Agricultural Programs Coordinator Nevada Department of Agriculture Reno, Nevada Fig. Pine vole, Microtus pinetorum (left), and prairie vole, M.

ochrogaster (right). Identification Voles, also called meadow mice or field mice, belong to the genus Microtus. Voles are compact rodents with stocky bodies, short legs. Question: Meadow Voles Differ Pdf Prairie Voles In That They: A.

Are Not Monogamous. B. Show Preference For A Single Partner If The AVPR1A Gene Is Blocked. C. Researchers at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, have successfully generated the first transgenic prairie voles, an .Voles are mostly herbivorous, feeding on a variety of ebook, herbaceous plants, bulbs, and tubers.

They eat bark and roots of trees, usually in fall or winter. Voles store seeds and other plant matter in underground chambers. Voles are poor climbers and usually don’t enter homes or other buildings.